Historical Sites

Lincoln County is situated in the southwestern portion of North Carolina’s Piedmont region. The county’s boundaries, encompassing 305 square miles, extend in the form of a long rectangle measuring 30 miles in length and 10 miles wide.  Bordered by the Catawba River to the east, Cleveland County to the west, Gaston County to the south, and Catawba County to the north, Lincoln County’s landscape contains a rolling terrain full of gentle streams and creeks and natural resources that enrich the area’s environment and contribute to economic development.

Foggy Grove by Ari Miller 2006 ©

As early as the mid-18th century, settlers from areas of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and South Carolina, primarily of the German and Scotch-Irish persuasion, flocked to this area to take advantage of the inexpensive land and rich farmland prevalent in the Carolina backcountry. Traversing the rugged terrain of the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Staunton River Gap along the “Great Philadelphia Wagon Road,” these immigrants established their settlements throughout Lincoln County. On their trip, they brought traces of their native homelands in the forms of speech, behavior, religious beliefs, art, and written and oral traditions. The evidence supporting the early pioneers’ existence is manifested in the form of court dockets, journals, letters, memoirs, deed, photographs, and dwellings.

Though many of the pioneer dwellings have faded into time, some subject to demolition by neglect, Lincoln County retains three eighteenth century residences – Vesuvius Furnace (1792), Andrew Loretz House (1793), and Woodside (1798) – and many historic structures from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

The Lincoln County Historical Association and Lincoln County Historic Properties Commission work tirelessly to preserve the built environment by working with owners of historic properties to designate their homes as local historic landmarks, facilitate restoration, and promote their preservation efforts. We also coordinate tours of privately owned historic properties and cemeteries, and strive to educate local officials, local historians, and the general public about historic preservation.


For information on the Lincoln County Historic Properties Commission, designating your house as an historic landmark, and general information on historic preservation in Lincoln County, contact us at lcmh@bellsouth.net.

Please visit the following websites to learn more about historic preservation: